misc - Miscellaneous helpers

Functions

Miscelleanous helpers

class pyftdi.misc.EasyDict(dictionary=None, **kwargs)

Dictionary whose members can be accessed as instance members

classmethod copy() → a shallow copy of D
mirror()

Instanciate a mirror EasyDict.

Return type

EasyDict

pyftdi.misc.add_custom_devices(ftdicls=None, vpstr=None)

Helper function to add custom VID/PID to FTDI device identifer map.

The string to parse should match the following format:

[vendor_name=]<vendor_id>:[product_name=]<product_id>

  • vendor_name and product_name are optional strings, they may be omitted as they only serve as human-readable aliases for vendor and product names.

  • vendor_id and product_id are mandatory strings that should resolve as 16-bit integer (USB VID and PID values). They may be expressed as decimal or hexadecimal syntax.

ex:
  • 0x403:0x9999, vid:pid short syntax, with no alias names

  • mycompany=0x666:myproduct=0xcafe, vid:pid complete syntax with

    aliases

Parameters
  • vpstr (Optional[Sequence[str]]) – typically, a option switch string describing the device to add

  • ftdicls – the Ftdi class that should support the new device.

Return type

None

pyftdi.misc.hexdump(data, full=False, abbreviate=False)

Convert a binary buffer into a hexadecimal representation.

Return a multi-line strings with hexadecimal values and ASCII representation of the buffer data.

Parameters
  • data (Union[bytes, bytearray, Iterable[int]]) – binary buffer to dump

  • full (bool) – use hexdump -Cv format

  • abbreviate (bool) – replace identical lines with ‘*’

Return type

str

Returns

the generated string

pyftdi.misc.hexline(data, sep=' ')

Convert a binary buffer into a hexadecimal representation.

Return a string with hexadecimal values and ASCII representation of the buffer data.

Parameters
  • data (Union[bytes, bytearray, Iterable[int]]) – binary buffer to dump

  • sep (str) – the separator string/char

Return type

str

Returns

the formatted string

pyftdi.misc.is_iterable(obj)

Tells whether an instance is iterable or not.

Parameters

obj (object) – the instance to test

Returns

True if the object is iterable

Return type

bool

pyftdi.misc.pretty_size(size, sep=' ', lim_k=1024, lim_m=10485760, plural=True, floor=True)

Convert a size into a more readable unit-indexed size (KiB, MiB)

Parameters
  • size – integral value to convert

  • sep (str) – the separator character between the integral value and the unit specifier

  • lim_k (int) – any value above this limit is a candidate for KiB conversion.

  • lim_m (int) – any value above this limit is a candidate for MiB conversion.

  • plural (bool) – whether to append a final ‘s’ to byte(s)

  • floor (bool) – how to behave when exact conversion cannot be achieved: take the closest, smaller value or fallback to the next unit that allows the exact representation of the input value

Return type

str

Returns

the prettyfied size

pyftdi.misc.show_call_stack()

Print the current call stack, only useful for debugging purpose.

pyftdi.misc.to_bool(value, permissive=True, allow_int=False)

Parse a string and convert it into a boolean value if possible.

Input value may be: - a string with an integer value, if allow_int is enabled - a boolean value - a string with a common boolean definition

Parameters
  • value (Union[int, bool, str]) – the value to parse and convert

  • permissive (bool) – default to the False value if parsing fails

  • allow_int (bool) – allow an integral type as the input value

Raises

ValueError – if the input value cannot be converted into an bool

Return type

bool

pyftdi.misc.to_bps(value)

Parse a string and convert it into a baudrate value.

The function accepts common multipliers as K, M and G

Parameters

value (str or int or float) – the value to parse and convert

Return type

float

Raises

ValueError – if the input value cannot be converted into a float

pyftdi.misc.to_int(value)

Parse a value and convert it into an integer value if possible.

Input value may be: - a string with an integer coded as a decimal value - a string with an integer coded as a hexadecimal value - a integral value - a integral value with a unit specifier (kilo or mega)

Parameters

value (Union[int, str]) – input value to convert to an integer

Returns

the value as an integer

Return type

int

Raises

ValueError – if the input value cannot be converted into an int

pyftdi.misc.xor(_a_, _b_)

XOR logical operation.

Parameters
  • _a_ – first argument

  • _b_ – second argument

Return type

bool

Returns

xor-ed value